More art galleries rose up alongside museums and public libraries as a part of the municipal drive for literacy and public education. The word gallery being originally an architectural time period, the display rooms in museums are often called public galleries. The Kunstmuseum Basel, through its lineage which extends back to the Amerbach Cabinet, a group of works by Hans Holbein bought by the town of Basel in 1661, is the first museum of art open to the public on the earth. Privately established museums open to the general public began to be established from the 17th century onwards, typically primarily based around a collection of the cabinet of curiosities type. The first such museum was the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, opened in 1683 to deal with and display the artefacts of Elias Ashmole that got to Oxford University in a bequest. Gallery is a common time period for any constructing or room used to display art, but unlike an art gallery operated by an art supplier, works from the gathering of an art museum are not generally for sale, but held in public belief.
- Similar to an art gallery is the sculpture backyard (or “sculpture park”), which presents sculpture